SEVERAL DECADES AGO, infections diseases appeared to be conquered. An aggressive global vaccination program had eradicated smallpox, and measles was slated for global eradication. However, many new pathogens have become prominent during the past few decades, and now and in the future dermatologists will need to update continually their knowledge of cutaneous infections as the host, the pathogens, and antimicrobial therapies evolve.
THE TERM “prophylaxis” has been applied to several different circumstances, depending on whether the organism is exogenous or part of the normal resident flora and whether the antimicrobial agent is given before or after the microbe has reached the target tissues
THE NUMBER OF individuals xvith an acquired immune compromised status continues to increase as we enter the 21st century.
This article describes common consult requests and presents case studies from the dermatology consult service of an academic hospital.